A new method to reduce false positives due to antimony in detection of gunshot residues

Aksoy Ç., Bora T., Şenocak N., Aydin F.

Forensic Science International, vol.250, pp.87-90, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 250
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2015.03.006
  • Journal Name: Forensic Science International
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.87-90
  • Police Academy Affiliated: Yes


© 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.False positives due to the presence of antimony in vehicle seat fabrics are a problem in gunshot residue (GSR) analysis, in particular, when graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS) is employed. In this study, we sought to determine the reason for the prevalence of false positive results and to propose a new approach for the analysis of GSR on vehicle seats. GFAAS was used to examine adhesive tape swabs collected from 100 seats of 50 different automobiles. Characterization of seat fabrics was carried out by using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray (SEM/EDX) spectroscopy. The results of FTIR analysis indicated that all seat covers containing antimony were composed of polyester. Experimental results obtained by SEM/EDX analysis revealed that the fabrics in these seat covers contained evenly distributed antimony within the structure of polyester fibers. This study shows that the type of seat fabric should be determined by FTIR spectroscopy before elemental GSR analysis. In this way, most of the false positives caused by polyester fibers in GSR analysis can be prevented.