SHAPING PEACE PROCESSES: A COMPARISON BETWEEN TURKEY AND COLOMBIA


Ozkan M.

TURKISH POLICY QUARTERLY, vol.16, no.4, pp.87-99, 2018 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Journal Name: TURKISH POLICY QUARTERLY
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.87-99
  • Police Academy Affiliated: No

Abstract

Despite having different trajectories and internal dynamics, the Colombia/FARC and the Turkey/PKK cases offer an interesting comparative lens through which to analyze the critical factors of any successful peace process. While the Colombian government and the FARC reached a groundbreaking peace agreement in 2016, terminating the country's 52-year internal conflict, the peace process between the Turkish state and the PKK collapsed in 2015, initiating a new cycle in the long-running conflict. This article argues that there are three critical factors which have spelled success for Colombia: favorable regional dynamics, a weakened terrorist organization, and a well-structured agenda for negotiation. In contrast, complicated regional dynamics, a strengthened terrorist organization, and a lack of fixed agenda in negotiations have ultimately stymied Turkey/PKK peace efforts.