Peacebuilding Activities Of The IO’s During The Bosnian War


Zengin Ü. N.

TYB Akademi Dil Edebiyat ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, vol.33, no.33, pp.178-200, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 33
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Journal Name: TYB Akademi Dil Edebiyat ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi
  • Journal Indexes: TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.178-200
  • Police Academy Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

After the disintegration of Yugoslavia, disagreements arose between the three ethnic groups that make up the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). Unlike the Bosnian Muslims and Croats, who advocated unity under the umbrella of the independent State of B&H, the Serbs declared the Serb Republic of B&H within the borders of B&H to unite with Serbia in the future. In March 1992, as a result of the independence decision of the B&H Parliament as the “State of B&H”, the Serbs decided to attack militarily. With the support of the Milosevic administration in Serbia, the ongoing attacks against the Bosnians reached the level of genocide and in a short time 70 percent of B&H’s lands were occupied. Although this period of aggression, in which the failure and ineffectiveness of international organizations was frequently mentioned, ended with the Dayton Agreement, the conflict in B&H could not be resolved definitively. This article aims to analyze the steps taken by international organizations for peacebuilding during and after the three-year war in B&H. On the theoretical level, the failure of international organizations in the Bosnian War is generally explained by the realistic peacebuilding approach. In the study, the development process of the conflict in B&H and its transformation into war with the Serbian attacks, the responsibility of the international community in the context of the conflict and the peace plans prepared by international organizations for the resolution of the conflict are also discussed.