Fear of crime among citizens of Turkey

Karakus O., McGarrell E. F., Basibuyuk O.

JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE, vol.38, no.2, pp.174-184, 2010 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2010.02.006
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.174-184
  • Police Academy Affiliated: No


Most fear of crime research has occurred in Western countries. The following analysis presents an integrated model of fear of crime for a randomly selected sample of 6,713 individuals from urban and rural parts of Turkey. Consistent with previous research, the victimization model, disorder model, and community concern/social control model predicted fear of crime among Turkish citizens. The integrated model of fear of crime, however, functioned differently in the Turkish context based on gender and residential locale. Increased age lowered the level of fear for women but not for men, and the positive impact of previous victimization on fear of crime was significantly more pronounced among females. Increased education reduced fear for urban dwellers, but not for rural residents. While age did not have a significant impact on fear for rural residents, in contrast to the vulnerability hypothesis, it reduced the level of fear for urban residents. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.